Motorcycle technology has greatly improved over the last century. For example, what was once a bicycle with a motor strapped on is now a high-tech sports bike or Harley Davidson. Taking this into consideration, one may wonder what motorcycles of the future are going to look like. 


Although the aforementioned idea is currently unknown, we do know which features are most likely to be included in futuristic motorcycles. In this article, we cover one of the most highly-anticipated, mind-boggling technological advances: self-balancing.


What Does Self-Balancing Mean?


As the name implies, self-balancing refers to the ability to stay upright. On motorcycles, this can be achieved by adding a third wheel. However, this concept is not nearly as exciting as the prospect of a motorcycle auto-balancing with only two wheels. 


Which is exactly what self-balancing sports bikes do. Even when they are not in motion. Yet, despite how awesome this futuristic feature is, only the following motorcycle manufacturers are developing self-balancing motorcycles.


  • Honda
  • Yamaha
  • BMW


That said, each of the aforementioned companies are developing different self-balancing technology.


BMW Self-Balancing Motorcycle


The self-balancing motorcycle from BMW is a site to behold. According to a video released back in 2018, the futuristic sports bike can drive itself. This is achieved via software that auto-adjusts the speed and angle of the motorcycle at any given time.


Once fully developed, BMW plans to combine this tech with rider evaluation software that monitors and records operational patterns. Leveraging this information, the tech highlights certain actions that are likely to cause an accident, then anticipates and autocorrects these tendencies as needed to avoid crashes.


That said, it is worth noting the self-balancing BMW motorcycle relies on a kickstand to stay upright when stationary.


Yamaha Motoriod


Equipped with AI, or artificial intelligence, the autonomous motorcycle from Yamaha is more than just a self-balancing sports bike. To-date, this nifty motorcycle follows commands, such as roll forward or back, issued exclusively from the rider. To achieve the aforementioned feat, the sports bike utilizes AI and an auto-balance control system dubbed the AMCES. 


Based on the Yamaha presentation, it appears the self-balancing act is completed via an internal gyroscope. In case you are not familiar, the aforementioned device consists of rotating gears that generate angular momentum, which automatically orients itself to stay upright. 


Unfortunately, it is unknown how this physics hack is utilized within the motorcycle.


Honda Riding Assist


Unlike the Yamaha Motoroid, the self-balancing motorcycle from Honda does not rely on a gyroscope to stay upright. Instead, it appears the auto-balance technology created in other projects, such as the Honda ASIMO robot, is used. 


If true, the Honda Riding Assist software constantly calculates where the motorcycle’s center of gravity is, then repositions the front fork, suspension, and wheel to stay upright. Although this is a wondrous feat of humanity, the calculations take time to complete. As a result, the technology may not be viable at higher speeds. 


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